NATO’s Warsaw Summit in July 2016 translated into hard military facts the consequences of the political decisions announced at the alliance’s Wales Summit in September 2014, in response to Russia’s actions in Ukraine. As a result, politico-military standoff has returned to Europe after a quarter-century-long “holiday period” of security cooperation ushered in by the end of the Cold War. This new-old standoff will probably last a long time, and heavily affect the security of all countries in Europe, whether members of NATO or not. The situation needs to be taken seriously, with a view to, in the first instance, managing the very real immediate risks that flow from it, and, in the second instance, looking for ways to provide stability to Europe’s downgraded security situation.
Catégorie : PE in english Page 2 of 3
Une sélection d’articles traduits en anglais, et en accès libre
This article is the English version of : Jolyon Howorth and Vivien A. Schmidt, « Brexit : Que s’est-il passé ? Que va-t-il se passer ? », published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 81, Issue 4, 2016.
Brexit was, in many ways, an accident waiting to happen. For decades, the British people had been fed a diet of Eurosceptic untruths by a media and a political leadership that never attempted to explain the positive features of the European project. The referendum campaign itself involved one side explaining why the UK should leave the EU, and the other side explaining why it should not leave. The reasons for remaining, the positive aspects of the EU, were lost in the debate. Yet the outcome of this vote could prove immensely consequential both for the UK and for the European Union, as well as for transatlantic relations – and indeed for the liberal international order itself.
This article is the English version of : Jean-Baptiste Jeangène-Vilmer, « Diplomatie des armes autonomes : les débats de Genève », published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 81, Issue 3, 2016.
Autonomous weapon systems – “Killer robots” in the popular culture – are weapon systems that can select and attack targets without human intervention. The first informal experts’ meeting on lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS) was organized in 2014 at the UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) in Geneva, on the initiative of France, which also presided over the meeting. The last of these annual meetings took place April 11–15, 2016, under German presidency for the second consecutive year. It confirmed the growing interest in the subject from states and civil society: 95 states participated in the debates, alongside several UN institutions, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), numerous NGOs from around the world, and 34 international experts (compared to 90 states and 30 experts in April 2015, and 87 state and 18 experts in May 2014).
This article is the English version of : Joao Augusto de Castro Neves and Bruno Reis, « Brésil : plus dure sera la chute », published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 81, Issue 3, 2016.
Brazil is experiencing one of the worst political and economic crises in its recent history – and certainly the worst since the return of democracy in the mid-1980s. Darling of the new global economic order for much of the last decade, Brazil has fallen off the pedestal of punditry in the past few years. Broadly speaking, this bout of pessimism is partly due to the recurrent habit among international relations pundits and market commentators of viewing the world in terms of an inexorable – and even faster – power transition among major powers (or major markets). Until recently the BRICS were construed as the building block of a new global order and a good place to put your money. Now, following the ebb and flow of the financial markets, it appears it is time for other acronyms to have their fifteen minutes in the spotlight.