This article is the English version of : Ekaterina Stepanova, « La Russie a-t-elle une grande stratégie au Moyen-Orient ? », published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 81, Issue 2, 2016.
During the armed conflict in Syria, Russia has significantly upgraded its role and status both in the Middle East and beyond the region. The most radical upgrade has been Moscow’s carefully calibrated military intervention on behalf of the Syrian government since late September 2015, as well as its role in the revived Geneva negotiation process since February 2016 and in the ensuing ceasefire co-brokered by Russia and the United States. This new role and level of engagement is at odds with the widespread stereotype about post-Soviet Russia’s departure from the Middle East.