Catégorie : PE in english Page 2 of 8

Une sélection d’articles traduits en anglais, et en accès libre

The impact of the war in Ukraine on the energy sector

This article is the English version of Marc-Antoine Eyl-Mazzega,
« Les conséquences de la guerre d’Ukraine pour le secteur de l’énergie », published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 87, Issue 2, 2022.

Fond : photographie de Zachary Theodore (Unsplash) représentant une plate-forme pétrolière en mer.
Premier plan : couverture du numéro 2/2022 de Politique étrangère, logo bleu.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has brought large-scale interstate warfare back to Europe, plunging the Old World into a series of mutually exacerbating crises. The war has a global impact because Russia is the world’s largest exporter of gas (mostly through pipelines) and liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil and refined products), as well as one of the world’s largest exporters of coal, uranium, metals and ores, and of agricultural raw materials and fertilizers. Russia was also on the verge of becoming the world’s fourth largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG), just behind the US, Qatar, and Australia. The conflict’s impact can be seen in the slowdown in global economic growth, an increase in regional instability and specific flash points, inflation raging in most economies, and unprecedented tensions in agricultural and hydrocarbon markets.

Sino-American climate diplomacy

This article is the English version of Kevin Tu,
« La diplomatie climatique sino-américaine », published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 87, Issue 1, 2022.

Fond : photographie par Studio Romantic (Shutterstock), drapeaux des USA et de la Chine, personnes se serrant la main à l'arrière-plan.
Couverture de Politique Étrangère 1/2022 au premier plan, logo bleu.

In the era of the Covid-19 pandemic, climate extremes dominate headlines around the world, now that human influence has warmed the climate at an unprecedented rate over the past two thousand years. As the world’s two largest carbon dioxide (CO2) emitters, China and the United States have a key role to play in any global climate solutions. However, the rapid deterioration in China-US relations in recent years has complicated their capacity to work together.

The Direction of France’s Foreign Policy over The Next Thirty Years

This article is the English version of Thierry de Montbrial,
« La politique étrangère de la France : un cap pour les trente prochaines années », published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 87, Issue 4, 2021.

En arrière-plan, carte de la France et des pays européens voisins. Drapeau de la France planté avec un bâton en bois sur la carte. Couverture de la revue "Politique étrangère" n° 4 de 2021, "Europe, sorties de crises" (logo "PE" vert).

The first potential confusion to avoid is a benign but nonetheless problematic one between what we call “geopolitics” and “political geography.” In France, we often use Yves Lacoste’s definition of geopolitics as the “representations” relating to different territories, but I prefer to define it more explicitly as the “ideologies” relating to different territories. Here I use the word ideology to mean a “system of ideas.” What we think about geographic areas, and their populations, is not an abstract representation but is deeply rooted in each of our individual hearts and minds, in ideological assemblages that also provide a cover for various interests.

Preparing for 2050: From foresight to grand strategy

This article is the English version of Martin Briens and Thomas Gomart, « Comment préparer 2050 ? De la « prévoyance » à la « grande stratégie » », published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 87, Issue 4, 2021.

Arrière-plan : une personne joue aux échecs, elle tient une pièce blanche dans la main, les pièces noires sont renversées.
Premier plan : couverture du numéro 4 de 2021 de la revue Politique Étrangère, "Europe, sorties de crises", logo de la revue en vert.

“Nothing is more necessary in governing a state than foresight, since by its use one can easily prevent many evils which can be corrected only with great difficulty if allowed to transpire,” observed Cardinal Richelieu, adding that “it is more important to anticipate the future than to dwell upon the present, since with enemies of the state, as with diseases, it is better to advance to the attack than to wait and drive them out after they have invaded.” This evident but often forgotten truth points to the need for France to rethink its foresight systems, amid a strategic acceleration that is making long-term planning a matter of urgency.

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