Catégorie : PE in english Page 2 of 6

Une sélection d’articles traduits en anglais, et en accès libre

COVID-19 Puts International Health Cooperation to the Test

This article is the English version of : Didier Houssin, « La coopération sanitaire à l’épreuve du Covid-19 », published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 85, Issue 3, 2020.

Over the past months, the human race has been confronted with a new and dangerous member of the coronavirus family: following the coronavirus SARS-CoV-1, responsible for the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic that began in China in 2003, and then MERS-CoV, which appeared in Saudi Arabia in 2012, SARS-CoV-2 is responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic that was first identified in China at the end of 2019.

After about six months of transmission of a virus that has a tropism for the human respiratory tract, the toll on June 8, 2020, was almost 7 million identified cases and more than 400,000 deaths, mostly in the World Health Organization (WHO) regions of Europe and the Americas. The pandemic is still ongoing. The trajectory and intensity of the virus’s transmission may still hold surprises. However, it is possible to make a few initial observations on the management of this epidemic. The least one can say is that from the outset it has been unconducive to international cooperation in matters of health.

The epidemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which began in China in the final weeks of 2019, did not come as a total surprise. The zoonotic risks linked to dense human populations coming into contact with many species of domestic and wild animals, especially in live animal markets, are well known; the previous coronavirus epidemics have already demonstrated this. The WHO was first informed of clusters of cases of pneumonia of unknown cause in Wuhan, in the Chinese province of Hubei, on December 31, 2020. A new coronavirus was quickly held responsible…

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The Geopolitics of the Amazon

This article is the English version of : Ombelyne Dagicour, « Géopolitique de l’Amazonie », published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 85, Issue 1, 2020.

The fires that ripped through the Amazon’s forests in 2019 brought new prominence to the challenge of balancing environmental and economic needs in this contested landscape. Often described as the “lungs of the planet,” the Amazon rainforest covers an area of over 7.5 million square kilometers and is a reservoir for biodiversity unmatched by anywhere else on Earth. The world’s largest hydrological system, the Amazon basin holds 20 percent of the world’s freshwater. With climate change picking up pace, there is a risk that the Amazon rainforest’s vast stores of carbon could be released as deforestation advances. Around ninety thousand forest fires were recorded in 2019, the highest figure for over a decade. The sight of the rainforest ablaze was met with international horror, prompting criticisms of the Brazilian government in general and President Jair Bolsonaro in particular. Already, the forest has shrunk by 20 percent in the space of just fifty years, according to figures from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon has almost doubled since 2018, with industrial monoculture and mineral extraction making ever-greater inroads into the tropical belt. 

Europe after COVID

This article is the English version of : Clément Beaune, « L’Europe, par delà le COVID-19 », published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 85, Issue 3, 2020.

A few weeks after the groundbreaking budget agreement adopted by the European Council on July 21, 2020, it would be tempting to say that COVID-19 changed everything in the European Union (EU), in line with the oft-repeated principle: “It takes a crisis for Europe to act.” Like all clichés, there is some truth in this statement. The EU’s shared debt plan is the most important boost to European integration since the euro, and a step that would have been impossible without this crisis. This major progress owes, in large part, to a less obvious dynamic—the return of a golden triangle, which had not made such an impact since the early 1990s—the French-German partnership and an ambitious European Commission.

Between concentration and dispersion: A promising future for power relations

This article is the English version of : Thomas Gomart« Entre concentration et dispersion : le bel avenir de la puissance », published in Politique étrangère, Vol. 84, Issue 1, 2019, for the 40th anniversary of Ifri.

Far from being an absolute, power “is a human relationship”, one conceivable in both theoretical and political terms. Both an analytical concept and a policy principle, power is now understood in all its different forms, and is either celebrated or criticized in the academic on the topic. 

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